Faq’s

What can I do to maintain good urologic health?

Generally, the best way to avoid urological problems is to maintain good overall health habits such as exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding tobacco, excessive alcohol and caffeine and diuretics (food or substances that remove water from the body).

How many times a day does a healthy person urinate?

Urination frequency varies widely according to a number of factors, although for most healthy people going four to eight times a day is typical. More frequent urination or waking up at night to go to the bathroom might mean either a health problem or simply that you’re drinking too much at bedtime.

What causes the formation of kidney stones?

A change in the normal balance of water salts, mineral and other components in urine creates a process known as urolithiasis in which solid mineral particles cluster in the kidneys. There are different types of stones, including calcium oxalate, uric acid, ammonic magnesium and cystine.

Are there genetic factors in the tendency to get kidney stones?

Yes, such a tendency may be inherited. If others in your family have had them, you may be more prone to them, too.

How do I avoid kidney stones?

Drink lots of water with freshly squeezed lemon juice. Lemon juice contains citric acid, which not only inhibits stone formation but also breaks up small stones just beginning to form. Generally, the more citric acid in your urine, the more protected you are against forming new kidney stones. The most common cause of stones is an insufficient daily water intake. The goal should be to drink enough to keep your urine clear – about eight to ten glasses per day. In addition, studies have indicated that staying physically fit and keeping your weight in check can help as well

What causes prostate cancer?

No one knows for certain. About one in ten men inherit the tendency toward prostate cancer, although no one has identified a “prostate cancer gene”. Men with a father or brother with prostate cancer diagnosed prior to age 64 have a three times greater risk than men in general. Men in this category should begin screening at age 40. In addition, there are links between diets rich in saturated fats and an increased incidence of prostate cancer, but this evidence is not conclusive.

Can diet be a factor in formation of stones?

Yes, levels of calcium, protein, sodium, vitamins C and D, and oxalate-rich foods (dark vegetables, chocolate, nuts, cranberries and coffee and tea, for example) can increase the chances of stones. In general, it’s a good idea to eat less salt and talk to a doctor or dietitian about how much calcium you need daily. If you have had an oxalate kidney stone, you should probably consume fewer oxalate-rich foods. In addition to the ones above, others include spinach, colas, peanuts, beets, rhubarb, berries, beans, tofu, oranges, sweet potatoes and draft beer.

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